The COVID-19 pandemic is creating a global health emergency. Mapping this health emergency in scientific publications demands multiple approaches to obtain a picture as complete as possible. To progress in the knowledge of this pandemic and to control its effects, international collaborations between researchers are essentials, as well as having open and immediate access to scientific publications, what we called “coopetition”. The following questions have been addressed: Which are the countries with the most scientific publications, how do organizations collaborate (international scientific collaborations) and how much impact can be observed? What percentage of these publications and cited references are open access (identifying countries and organizations)?
We have analyzed 18,875 articles indexed in Web of Science. We performed the descriptive statistical analysis in order to explore the performance of the more prolific countries and organizations, as well as paying attention to the last two years. Registers have been analyzed separately via the VOSviewer software, drawing a network of links among countries and organizations to identify the starred countries and organizations, and the strongest links of the net.
We have explored the capacity of researchers to generate scientific knowledge about a health crisis emergency, and their global capacity to collaborate among them in a global emergency. We consider that science is moving rapidly to find solutions to international health problems but access to this knowledge by society is not so quick due to several limitations (open access policies, corporate interests, etc.). We have observed that papers from China in the last 3 months (from January 2020 to March 2020) have a strong impact compared with papers published in years before. The United States and China are the major producers of documents of our sample, followed by all European countries, especially the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, and France. At the same time, the leading role of Saudi Arabia, Canada or South Korea should be noted, with a significant number of documents submitted but very different dynamics of international collaboration.
The growing digitalization of scientific research practices is reflected in the content that academic and governmental institutions put on their websites, many of which are not optimized so that their contents reach visibility in search results of Google. Through the mapping of search engine results, this article analyzes the visibility of Ibero-American governmental, educational and research institutions in the results of Google in relation to a group of keywords related to the areas of Science, Research and Innovation. By analyzing the results of these pages in the search results in a specific period we can determine that, although few exceptions, the algorithms used by Google increase the visibility of educational and research institutions in Ibero-America (IA) along with those of each country in function of the national search option offered by the search engine. The indicators obtained both for web presence and web visibility indicate that pages that appear more frequently in the first positions in IA countries are not owned by national institutions, but from other countries. Moreover, we have observed that governmental and educational institutions are most visible than research institutions. While previously social networks are not so far popular for this type of institutions, they are recently gaining positions. However, this study is exploratory and a longitudinal research would eliminate fluctuations of web data.
This text is the result of a research process that has been carried out during the last five years on the realities and problems of plagiarism in contexts of higher education in different countries. We have observed eight groups of university students of different degrees in Engineering in a mandatory course of “Oral and written expression” in two universities in different countries (Ecuador and Spain). This course aims to provide tools to develop skills in oral and written presentations on academic assignments.
Through practical exercises, manuals and presentations, students develop different strategies to generate tools to expose their knowledge as a “way of doing”. The development of student tasks follows specific guidelines discussed with the use of technology to detect plagiarism, Turnitin and Urkund tools. The results of our research indicate how the average percentage of plagiarism in student work is reduced with the introduction of this software.
Mapping bi-regional scientific collaboration demands multiple approaches to obtain a picture as complete as possible. Usually, the first approach is the measuring of the number and typology of scientific co-publications in the most visible indexes of journals and publications covered by databases like Web of Science or Scopus, among others. This paper analyzes scientific publications listed by Web of Science (WoS), which comprises authors from the 28 EU countries and Latin American and Caribbean countries (EULAC) between 2005 and 2016. The following questions have been addressed: How are bi-regional scientific relations between EULAC countries reflected by international collaboration? What effects does this scientific collaboration have in smaller or emerging countries? Which area of knowledge has more international collaborations? The study highlights the existence of a growing global network of researchers from several countries that collaborate on their research. EULAC scientific collaboration cannot be understood in isolation from this global network.
El artículo considera que la cooperación interuniversitaria en el sector cultural es una dimensión importante y singular de la cooperación internacional; describe sus principales temáticas y objetivos – el fortalecimiento institucional y el desarrollo del conocimiento a través de la investigación – y establece una tipología para su análi- sis. En el ámbito específico de las relaciones birregionales Unión Europea/América Latina y Caribe, se muestra cómo la cooperación cultural se vehiculiza histórica- mente mediante proyectos interuniversitarios, programas gubernamentales, por la creación y consolidación de distintas redes, y a través de iniciativas individuales de centros e institutos binacionales. En ese sentido, se exponen ejemplos de cada forma de cooperación cultural interuniversitaria en distintos países y se describen sus objetivos así como las condiciones en que funcionan.
A modo de conclusión, se subraya por una parte la asimetría existente entre las dos regiones señalando que, en América Latina y Caribe, la institucionalización del campo cultural en su conjunto es débil, poco formalizada y su desarrollo es bastante desigual entre los distintos países, lo cual que limita la incidencia del sistema universitario en las acciones concretas de cooperación internacional. Por otra parte, se proponen dos condiciones necesarias para inducir un cambio positivo en ese panorama: un fuerte incremento de la comunicación interuniversitaria, y la adopción de nuevos protocolos y formas de organización, más dinámicas, que actualicen y superen las actuales for- mas burocráticas de la cooperación cultural interuniversitaria entre países y regiones.